          
  -  tQQt&OFSP+VOJPEFt#PHPUÈ%$$PMPNCJB

đēĕģģğŘĚĥģĤęşđ
     
     
    
*
Aluisio Gonçalves De Castro Mendes**
Larissa Clare Pochmann Da Silva***
R
0 QSPKFUP 'MPSFOÎB DPPSEFOBEP QPS .BVSP $BQQFMMFUUJ FN
DPMBCPSBÎÍP DPN #SZBOU (BSUI F /JDPMÛ 5SPDLFS GPJ EF FYUSFNB
SFMFWÉODJB QBSB P FTUVEP EP EJSFJUP QSPDFTTVBM SFUSBUBOEP B QBSUJS
EF FTUVEPTFNQÓSJDPT FNUSÐT POEBTSFOPWBUØSJBT PTFOUSBWFT QBSB
P BDFTTP Ë +VTUJÎB 2VBSFOUB BOPT BQØT P JOÓDJP EB EJWVMHBÎÍP EBT
*
"SUÓDVMPJOÏEJUP"SUJHPFMBCPSBEPFNEF[FNCSPEFFSFWJTBEPFNKVOIPEF
**
1ØT%PVUPS QFMB 6OJWFSTJEBEF EF 3FHFOTCVSH "MFNBOIB %PVUPS FN %JSFJUP QFMB
6'13.FTUSFFN%JSFJUPQFMB6'13.FTUSFFN%JSFJUPQFMB+PIBOO8PMGHBOH(PFUIF
6OJWFSTJUÊU'SBOLGVSU"..BJO"MFNBOIB&TQFDJBMJTUBFN%JSFJUP1SPDFTTVBM$JWJM
QFMB6OJWFSTJEBEFEF#SBTÓMJB6O#1SPGFTTPSOPTDVSTPTEFHSBEVBÎÍPFQØTHSBEVBÎÍP
EB6OJWFSTJEBEFEP&TUBEPEP3JPEF+BOFJSP6&3+FEB6OJWFSTJEBEF&TUÈDJPEF4È
6OFTB%JSFUPSEP*OTUJUVUP#SBTJMFJSPEF%JSFJUP1SPDFTTVBM*#%1.FNCSPEP*OTUJ-
UVUP*CFSPBNFSJDBOPEF%JSFJUP1SPDFTTVBMEB"TTPDJBÎÍP#SBTJM"MFNBOIBEF+VSJTUBT
FEB*OUFSOBUJPOBM"TTPDJBUJPOPG1SPDFEVSBM-BX&Y1SPNPUPSEF+VTUJÎB%FTFNCBSHB-
EPS'FEFSBM%JSFUPSEF$VSTPTF1FTRVJTBTEB&TDPMBEB.BHJTUSBUVSB3FHJPOBM'FEFSBM
EB3FHJÍP&."3'.FNCSPEP$POTFMIP4VQFSJPSEB&TDPMB/BDJPOBMEF'PSNBÎÍP
F"QFSGFJÎPBNFOUPEF.BHJTUSBEPT&OGBN
***
(SBEVBEBFN%JSFJUPQFMB6OJWFSTJEBEFEP&TUBEPEP3JPEF+BOFJSP6&3+.FTUSFF
%PVUPSBOEBFN%JSFJUPQFMB6OJWFSTJEBEF&TUÈDJPEF4È6/&4".FNCSPEP*OTUJUVUP
#SBTJMFJSPEF%JSFJUP1SPDFTTVBM*#%11SPGFTTPSBOPDVSTPEFHSBEVBÎÍPEB6OJWFSTJ-
EBEF$BOEJEP.FOEFT6$".DBNQJ5JKVDBF+BDBSFQBHVÈ"EWPHBEB
3FDJCJEPFOFSPEF"DFQUBEPKVOJPEF
  :          
Revista del Instituto Colombiano de Derecho Procesal t/P

QFTRVJTBTCVTDBTFWFSJmDBSBTJUVBÎÍPEFTTFTFOUSBWFTIPKFTFGPSBN
SFTPMWJEPTPVTFBJOEBTVCTJTUFNFFNRVFNFEJEBQFSNBOFDFN
Palavras-chave: "DFTTPË+VTUJÎB0OEBT3FOPWBUØSJBT3FMFJUVSB
A
1SPKFDU 'MPSFODF DPPSEJOBUFE CZ .BVSP $BQQFMMFUUJ UPHFUIFS XJUI
#SZBOU(BSUIBOE/JDPMÛ5SPDLFSXBTWFSZJNQPSUBOUGPSUIFTUVEZPG
QSPDFEVSBMMBXNFOUJPOJOHUISPVHIFNQJSJDBMEBUBJOUISFFSFOFXBMT
XBWFTUIFCBSSJFSTUPBDDFTTUPKVTUJDF'PSUZZFBSTBGUFSUIFTUBSUPGUIF
TQSFBEJOHPGUIFSFTFBSDIUIJTXPSLUSZUPDIFDLUIFTUBUVTPGUIFTF
PCTUBDMFTUPEBZJGUIFZDPOUJOVFPSOPUBOEIPXUIFZSFNBJO
Keywords: "DDFTTUP+VTUJDFSFOFXBMXBWFTSFSFBEJOH
.
0BDFTTP Ë+VTUJÎBÏ VNBQSFPDVQBÎÍPDPOTUBOUFBP MPOHPEBIJTUØSJB NBTB
PCSBEF.BVSP$BQQFMMFUUJFNDPMBCPSBÎÍPDPN#SZBOU(BSUIF/JDPMÛ5SPDLFS
QVCMJDBEBFNRVBUSPWPMVNFTFNBOPTEJTUJOUPTBQBSUJSEFGPJ
VNNBSDPQBSBPEJSFJUPQSPDFTTVBMBPSFBMJ[BSFNDPOKVOUPDPNFTUVEJPTPT
EFEJWFSTPTQBÓTFTVNBBCPSEBHFNOPWBTPCSFPBDFTTPË+VTUJÎBOBTPDJFEBEF
DPOUFNQPSÉOFB "QFTRVJTB EFOPNJOBEB1SPKFUP 'MPSFOÎBEFUFDUPV EJWFSTBT
CBSSFJSBTQBSBBFGFUJWJEBEFEPBDFTTPË+VTUJÎB
"QBSUJSEFTTBTDPOTUBUBÎÜFTGPSBNTJTUFNBUJ[BEBTUSÐTPOEBTSFOPWBUØSJBT
EFBDFTTPË+VTUJÎBRVFFNFSHJSBNFNTFRVÐODJBDSPOPMØHJDB"QSJNFJSBPOEB
SFOPWBUØSJB FOWPMWFBBTTJTUÐODJB KVSÓEJDBB TFHVOEBFOWPMWF BSFQSFTFOUBÎÍP
KVSÓEJDB QBSB PT JOUFSFTTFT EJGVTPT FTQFDJBMNFOUF OBT ÈSFBT EF QSPUFÎÍP
BNCJFOUBMF EFEJSFJUPEP DPOTVNJEPSFBUFSDFJSB EFOPNJOBEBiFOGPRVFEF
BDFTTPËKVTUJÎBwSFnFUFBUFOUBUJWBEFBUBDBSBTCBSSFJSBTBPBDFTTPË+VTUJÎB
2VBSFOUB BOPT BQØT P JOÓDJP EB EJWVMHBÎÍP EBT QFTRVJTBT SFBMJ[BTF VNB
SFMFJUVSBEFTTBTPOEBTSFOPWBUØSJBTUFOEPP#SBTJMDPNPGPDPNBTUFOUBOEPTF
BQFTBSEBEJmDVMEBEFEFQFTRVJTBTFNQÓSJDBTRVFBEPUFNPTNFTNPTDSJUÏSJPT
1

DPNQBSBS BP DFOÈSJP JOUFSOBDJPOBM 1BSB JTTP JOJDJBTF DPN B BCPSEBHFN EB
JNQPSUÉODJBEBPCSBEF.BVSP$BQQFMMFUUJQBSBPEJSFJUPQSPDFTTVBMTFHVJOEPTF
DPNBBCPSEBHFNEFDBEBVNBEBTUSÐTPOEBTSFOPWBUØSJBT
1
"TQFTRVJTBTMPDBMJ[BEBTFNEJWFSTPTQBÓTFTNVJUBTWF[FTGPSOFDFNEBEPTEJTUJOUPTF
VUJMJ[BNNÏUPEPTEJGFSFOUFTPRVFHFSBBMHVNBEJmDVMEBEFQBSBDPNQBSBÎÍP"EFNBJT
OFNTFNQSFBTSFGPSNBTKVSÓEJDBTGPSBNQSFDFEJEBTEFVNFTUVEPRVFDPOTJEFSBTTFBT
DBSBDUFSÓTUJDBTTPDJBJTFDPOÙNJDBTPVIJTUØSJDBTEPTQBÓTFT
          
  -  tQQt&OFSP+VOJPEFt#PHPUÈ%$$PMPNCJB

.       
       
.
0 BDFTTP Ë +VTUJÎB OÍP Ï VNB QSFPDVQBÎÍP SFDFOUF BP MPOHP EB IJTUØSJB EB
IVNBOJEBEF
F TJHOJmDB UBOUP P TJTUFNB POEF PT DJEBEÍPT CVTDBN BTTFHVSBS
TFVT EJSFJUPT DPNP POEF TVCNFUFN TFVT DPOnJUPT BP &TUBEP
 NBT TPGSFV
VNBNVEBOÎBOPFTUVEPFOPFOTJOPEPEJSFJUPQSPDFTTVBMDJWJM"DPODFQÎÍP
USBEJDJPOBM TPCSF P UFNB FTUBWB BUSFMBEB BPT EJSFJUPT JOEJWJEVBJT MJNJUBEB BP
EJSFJUPGPSNBMEFBKVJ[BSVNBBÎÍPFEFBQSFTFOUBSEFGFTBRVBOEPEBDPOEJÎÍPEF
SÏV0BDFTTPË+VTUJÎBTFSJBVNEJSFJUPOBUVSBMFQPSUBOUPOÍPEFNBOEBSJBVNB
BUVBÎÍP FTUBUBMQBSB BTTFHVSÈMP QFSNBOFDFOEPP &TUBEP QBTTJWP FNSFMBÎÍP
B QSPCMFNBT DPNP B BQUJEÍP EF VNBQFTTPB QBSB SFDPOIFDFS TFVT EJSFJUPT F
EFGFOEÐMPTBEFRVBEBNFOUF
4
.
/FTTF DPOUFYUP OÍP IBWJB VNB QSFPDVQBÎÍP DPN BT DVTUBT EP MJUÓHJP
FTQFDJBMNFOUF FN SFMBÎÍP ËRVFMFT RVF OÍP QPEFSJBN BSDBS DPN FMF F OFN
NFTNPFN BSDBSDPNPT DVTUPTEF VNDPSQPEF QSPmTTJPOBJTQBSBBUVBS FN
KVÓ[P 0 FTUVEP FSBGPSNBMJTUBF B QSFPDVQBÎÍP FTUBWB DFOUSBEB OBUFPSJB EP
QSPDFEJNFOUP TFN WFSJmDBS TFVT FGFJUPT OB QSÈUJDB GPSFOTF %FTTB GPSNB BT
QSFPDVQBÎÜFT FSBN OJUJEBNFOUF BGBTUBEBT EB SFBMJEBEF EB NBJPS QBSUF EB
QPQVMBÎÍPRVFQPEFSJBBUÏUFSEJSFJUPTGPSNBMNFOUFSFDPOIFDJEPTNBTOÍPP
BDFTTPBVNBKVTUJÎBTVCTUBOUJWB
.
$PNBQBTTBHFNEP&TUBEP-JCFSBMQBSBP&TUBEP4PDJBMPBDFTTPË+VTUJÎB
GPJSFDPOIFDJEPDPNPVNEJSFJUPSFTQPOTÈWFMQPSQSPUFHFSPTEJSFJUPTRVFKÈ
FTUBWBNMFHBMNFOUFBTTFHVSBEPT
0BDFTTPË+VTUJÎBQBTTBFOUÍPBTFSSFDPO-
IFDJEPDPNPSFRVJTJUPGVOEBNFOUBMQBSBBTTFHVSBSoFOÍPBQFOBTQSPDMBNBS

$"3/&*301BVMP$F[BS1JOIFJSPAcesso Ë Justiça+VJ[BEPT&TQFDJBJT$ÓWFJTF"ÎÍP
$JWJM1ÞCMJDB6NB/PWB4JTUFNBUJ[BÎÍPEB5FPSJB(FSBMEP1SPDFTTPFE'PSFOTF

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EF EFUFSNJOBEB RVFTUÍP QSFDJTB BDFTTBS P 1PEFS +VEJDJÈSJP F PT MJUJHBOUFT
IBCJUVBJT"MJUJHÉODJBIBCJUVBMOFTTFNPNFOUPKÈFSBVNQSPCMFNBHSBWFFRVF
FTUBWBTFOEPSFWJTJUBEPQPJTDPNPPTQSØQSJPTBVUPSFTDSFEJUBNBEJTUJOÎÍP
FOUSFMJUJHBOUFTIBCJUVBJTrepeat playersFPTMJUJHBOUFTFWFOUVBJToneshotters
GPJ GFJUP QFMP OPSUFBNFSJDBOP .BSD (BMBOUFS "MHVOT DJEBEÍPT HP[BN EF
VNB TÏSJF EF WBOUBHFOT FTUSBUÏHJDBT QPS FYFNQMP PT MJUJHBOUFT IBCJUVBJT
UFSJBN NBJT FYQFSJÐODJB DPN P MJUÓHJP FN KVÓ[P FTUBSJBN FDPOPNJDBNFOUF
NFMIPS QSFQBSBEPT QBSB P MJUÓHJP F TFSJBN EFUFOUPSFT EF NBJT JOGPSNBÎÜFT
TPCSF B SFBM QSPQPSÎÍP EPT EBOPT DBVTBEPT
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 0T BEWPHBEPT EPT MJUJHBOUFT
IBCJUVBJTDPTUVNBNTFSFTQFDJBMJ[BEPTOBEFGFTBEPDMJFOUFFSFBMJ[BNFTUVEPT
FTUSBUÏHJDPTTPCSFBTDIBODFTEPBSHVNFOUPTFSBDPMIJEPPVOÍPDPNQSÏWJB
FYQFSJÐODJBBUÏNFTNPTPCSFPQBUBNBSEBTDPOEFOBÎÜFTQBSBCBSHBOIBSFN
VNBQSPQPTUBEFBDPSEP
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BMÏNEFKÈTFSFNNBJTDPOIFDJEPTOPTGØSVOTPRVF
QPEFQFSNJUJSRVFTFKBNUSBUBEPTDPNNBJPSBUFOÎÍPFNBJPSCFOFWPMÐODJB
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QBSBSFDPOIFDFSFNRVFQPTTVFNEJSFJUPQBSBCVTDBSFNP1PEFS+VEJDJÈSJP
BMÏN EF OÍP QPTTVÓSFN JOGPSNBÎÍP TPCSF DPNP BKVJ[BS VNB EFNBOEB 0
BEWPHBEP DPOUSBUBEP HFSBMNFOUF OÍP Ï FTQFDJBMJ[BEP NBT BQFOBT BQUP B
EFGFOEFS RVBMRVFS UJQP EF EFNBOEB
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 0 1SPKFUP 'MPSFOÎB BUSBWÏT EF VNB
QFTRVJTBSFBMJ[BEBOBQSPWÓODJBEF2VFCFDOP$BOBEÈDPOTUBUPVRVFEPT
FOUSFWJTUBEPTEJTTFSBNRVFKBNBJTJSJBNBVNBEWPHBEP
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.
.BJT VNB CBSSFJSB JEFOUJmDBEB GPJ B MFHJUJNJEBEF QBSB B QSPUFÎÍP EPT
EJSFJUPTEJGVTPTFTQFDJBMNFOUF BMFHJUJNJEBEFQBSBBTVB UVUFMBF BGBMUBEF
JOGPSNBÎÍPTPCSFBTVBUVUFMBPVTJNQMFTNFOUFTFSDBQB[EFEFTFOWPMWFSVNB
CPBFTUSBUÏHJBQBSBPMJUÓHJP
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0QSPDFTTPOÍPFTUBSJBQSFQBSBEPQBSBMJUÓHJPTEF
HSBOEFFTDBMB
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$"11&--&55*Acesso Ë Justiça.0QDJUQ
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  -  tQQt&OFSP+VOJPEFt#PHPUÈ%$$PMPNCJB
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"TCBSSFJSBTGPSBNTJOUFUJ[BEBTOPQSPKFUPDPNPNBJTQSPOVODJBEBTQBSB
BTQFRVFOBTDBVTBTFQBSBPTBVUPSFTJOEJWJEVBJTFTQFDJBMNFOUFPTQPCSFTF
aTWBOUBHFOTQFSUFODFOUFTBPTMJUJHBOUFTPSHBOJ[BDJPOBJTRVFVTBNPTJTUFNB
QBSBBUFOEFSFNBPTTFVTQSØQSJPTJOUFSFTTFT
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.
%JBOUFEFTTBTDPOTUBUBÎÜFTGPSBNTJTUFNBUJ[BEBTUSÐTPOEBTSFOPWBUØSJBT
EFBDFTTPË+VTUJÎBJTUP ÏUSÐTQPTJDJPOBNFOUPTSFMBUJWPTBP0DJEFOUFRVF
FNFSHJSBNFNTFRVÐODJBDSPOPMØHJDB"QSJNFJSBPOEBSFOPWBUØSJBFOWPMWF
B BTTJTUÐODJB KVSÓEJDB B TFHVOEB FOWPMWF B SFQSFTFOUBÎÍP KVSÓEJDB QBSB PT
JOUFSFTTFTEJGVTPTFTQFDJBMNFOUFOBTÈSFBTEFQSPUFÎÍPBNCJFOUBMFEFEJSFJUP
EP DPOTVNJEPS F B UFSDFJSB EFOPNJOBEB iFOGPRVF EF BDFTTP Ë KVTUJÎBw
SFnFUFBUFOUBUJWBEFBUBDBSBTCBSSFJSBTBPBDFTTPEFNPEPNBJTBSUJDVMBEPF
DPNQSFFOTJWP
"QSJNFJSBPOEBEFBDFTTPË+VTUJÎBOPTQBÓTFTPDJEFOUBJTFOWPMWFVPTIJQPT-
TVmDJFOUFT/BNBJPSJBEPTQBÓTFTPBVYÓMJPEFVNBEWPHBEPÏFTTFODJBMTFOÍP
GPSJOEJTQFOTÈWFMQBSBBDPNQSFFOTÍPEPGPSNBMJTNPEBTMFJTFEPTUSJCVOBJT
1PSÏNBBTTJTUÐODJBKVEJDJÈSJBHSBUVJUBGPJDPOTUBEBDPNPJOTVmDJFOUFQPSRVF
PTBEWPHBEPTNBJTFYQFSJFOUFTUFOEFSJBNBDPODFOUSBSTFVUFNQPFFTGPSÎPT
FNDBVTBTRVFSFDFCFSJBNIPOPSÈSJPTTFOEPBBEWPDBDJBpro bonoFNHFSBM
SFBMJ[BEBQPSBEWPHBEPTNFOPTFYQFSJFOUFT

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0TTJTUFNBTFNRVFP&TUBEPTFQSPQÜFBBSDBSDPNPTIPOPSÈSJPTBEWPDB-
UÓDJPTDBTPBQBSUFOÍPUFOIBDPOEJÎÜFTmOBODFJSBTUBNCÏNOÍPGPSBNJNVOFT
BDSÓUJDBT/B"MFNBOIBBQSPQPTUBUFWFJOÓDJPOPTBOPTEFBFOB
*OHMBUFSSBFNDPNQFOTBOEPPTBEWPHBEPTQPSDPOTVMUBTFQFMBBUVBÎÍP
FNKVÓ[P1PTUFSJPSNFOUFGPJEFTFOWPMWJEBQPSPVUSPTQBÓTFTDPNP&TUBEPT
6OJEPTFNOB'SBOÎBFNFOB4VÏDJBOPNFTNPBOPEB'SBOÎB
TFHVJEPT BOPT NBJT UBSEF QFMB QSPWÓODJB EF 2VFCFD QFMB "VTUSÈMJB F QFMB
)PMBOEBBMÏNEPBQFSGFJÎPBNFOUPEPTJTUFNBKÈFYJTUFOUFFNBMHVOTQBÓTFT
0QSPCMFNBÏRVFBJOEBRVBOEPIBWJBVNTJTUFNBEFBTTJTUÐODJBKVEJDJÈSJB
NVJUPTEFTTFTTJTUFNBTFSBNGBMIPTTFKBQPSRVFOFNTFNQSFFSBNPTNFMIPSFT
FTDSJUØSJPTEFBEWPDBDJBmOBODJBEPTQFMPHPWFSOPQBSBBBTTJTUÐODJBKVEJDJÈSJB
TFNÙOVTQBSBPTIJQPTTVmDJFOUFTQFMPTNFMIPSFTFTDSJUØSJPTDPCSBSFNNBJT
DBSPFQFMPHPWFSOPOÍPQPTTVJSEPUBÎÍPPSÎBNFOUPTVmDJFOUFQBSBUBMTFKB
QFMBEJTUÉODJBEPTFTDSJUØSJPTEFBEWPDBDJBRVFBUVBWBNpro bonoFNSFMBÎÍP
ËTÈSFBTNBJTQPCSFTEBDJEBEFTFKBQPSRVFPTJTUFNBKVSÓEJDPEB*OHMBUFSSBEB
'SBOÎBFEB"MFNBOIBOÍPQFSNJUJBPBKVJ[BNFOUPEFEFNBOEBTRVFWFSTBTTFN
TPCSFVNBMFTÍPEFSFEV[JEPWBMPSBPTCFOFmDJÈSJPTEBKVTUJÎBHSBUVJUBQBSBP
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  :          
Revista del Instituto Colombiano de Derecho Procesal t/P
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EBQBSUF
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DPNBNFTNBTJUVBÎÍPFDPOÙNJDB
" TFHVOEB POEB SFOPWBUØSJB WFSTPV TPCSF P QSPCMFNB EB SFQSFTFOUBÎÍP
EPTJOUFSFTTFTEJGVTPT"DPODFQÎÍPUSBEJDJPOBMEPQSPDFTTPDJWJMOÍPEFJYBWB
FTQBÎPQBSBBQSPUFÎÍPEPTEJSFJUPTEJGVTPTFUPSOBMBUFOUFBQSFPDVQBÎÍPDPN
VNBSFQSFTFOUBUJWJEBEFBEFRVBEBKÈRVFOÍPIBWFSJBQBSUJDJQBÎÍPJOEJWJEVBMOB
EFNBOEBFBOPÎÍPEFDPJTBKVMHBEBOFDFTTJUBWBTFSSFEJNFOTJPOBEB
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DPOTUBUPVRVFFNCPSBTFKBBQSJODJQBMGPSNBEFQSPUFÎÍPEPTEJSFJUPTEJGVTPTF
DPMFUJWPTBBUVBÎÍPHPWFSOBNFOUBMFTQFDJBMNFOUFOPTQBÓTFTEFcommon law
OÍPUFNTJEPDBQB[EFGB[ÐMP
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"QFTBSEFIBWFSHSVQPTQPSNFJPEFBEWPHBEPT
QSJWBEPTUVUFMBOEPPJOUFSFTTFDPMFUJWPFMFTOÍPTÍPCFNPSHBOJ[BEPTFNUPEPT
PT TFUPSFT IBWFOEP VNB SB[PÈWFM PSHBOJ[BÎÍP OB ÈSFB USBCBMIJTUB NBT OÍP
FNNBUÏSJBDPOTVNFSJTUBPVQBSBBEFGFTBBNCJFOUBM&YQFSJÐODJBDPNPBEBT
classactionsSFEV[JSJBPTDVTUPTFTUBUBJTNBTFYJHFFTQFDJBMJ[BÎÍPFYQFSJÐODJBF
SFDVSTPTFNÈSFBTFTQFDÓmDBTRVFOFNUPEPTPTHSVQPTQPTTVFN
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0SHBOJ[BÎÜFT
EFmOTOÍPMVDSBUJWPTUBNCÏNTFDPOTUJUVÓBNQBSBFTTBEFGFTBNBTBQFTRVJTB
BUFOUPVQBSBBSFTQPOTBCJMJEBEFQFMPTJOUFSFTTFTRVFSFQSFTFOUBNFBWJBCJMJEBEF
BMPOHPQSB[P
"JOEB FN SFMBÎÍP BPT EJSFJUPT USBOTJOEJWJEVBJT DBCF EFTUBDBS B CSJMIBOUF
JOUFSWFOÎÍPEF.BVSP$BQQFMMFUUJOPBOPEFQVCMJDBEPFNFNVNB
DPMFUÉOFBQFMB6OJWFSTJEBEFEF1BWJBDPNPUÓUVMPAppuntisulla tutela giuris-
dizional Ed iinteressi colletivi o diffusiFNRVFEJTDPSSFVTPCSFBJOBEFRVBÎÍP
QBSB B TPDJFEBEF DPOUFNQPSÉOFB NBSDBEB QPS SFMBÎÜFT KVSÓEJDBT F WJPMBÎÜFT
EF NBTTB EB USBEJDJPOBM EJDPUPNJB FOUSF P QÞCMJDP F P QSJWBEP
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QBSBQSPmTTJPOBJTNPEJmDBÎÜFTOPEJSFJUPTVCTUBOUJWPBmNEFQSFWFOJSMJUÓHJPT
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BJOEBBOFDFTTJEBEFEFBEFRVBSPQSPDFTTPDJWJMBPUJQPEFMJUÓHJP
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PVUSBTPCSBTTFDPOTBHSBSBNBPSFBMJ[BSFNVNBSFMFJUVSB EPBDFTTPË+VTUJÎB
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BCPSEBS BUFNÈUJDB EBDSJTF OVNÏSJDB EPTQSPDFTTPT KVEJDJBJTDPN BTDPOTF-
RVFOUFT NFEJEBT BEPUBEBT OP PSEFOBNFOUP OBDJPOBM QBSB B SFEVÎÍP EFTUF
OÞNFSPFTVHFTUÜFTQBSBVN+VEJDJÈSJPSFOPWBEP
5PEBTFTTBTDPOUSJCVJÎÜFTOÍPSFUJSBNQPSÏNBSFMFWÉODJBEFTFSFWJTJUBS
PUFNB2VBSFOUBBOPTBQØTPJOÓDJPEBQVCMJDBÎÍPEPTSFTVMUBEPTEBQFTRVJTB
QSFTUBTF VNB TJOHFMB IPNFOBHFN BP HSBOEJPTP FTUVEP SFBMJ[BEP NFEJBOUF
VNBSFMFJUVSBEPBDFTTPË+VTUJÎBBQBSUJSEP#SBTJMËMV[EPTSFDFOUFTFTUVEPT
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BTJUVBÎÍPOPQBÓTFNSFMBÎÍPBPEJSFJUPFTUSBOHFJSP
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  :          
Revista del Instituto Colombiano de Derecho Procesal t/P
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2VBSFOUB BOPT BQØT BT DPOTUBUBÎÜFT EP 1SPKFUP 'MPSFOÎB B QSJNFJSB POEB
SFOPWBUØSJBOP#SBTJMÏNBSDBEBFNSFMBÎÍPËTDVTUBTEP1PEFS+VEJDJÈSJP
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DVTUBTFEFTQFTBTQSPDFTTVBJTBPTRVFOFDFTTJUFNBTTFHVSBOEPPFYFSDÓDJPEB
DJEBEBOJBFTBMWBHVBSEBOEPPEJSFJUPEFBDFTTPË+VTUJÎBOPQBÓT
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HSBUVJEBEF EF KVTUJÎB F BTTJTUÐODJB KVSÓEJDB HSBUVJUB OÍP DPOUBWBN DPN DMBSB
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EB-FJOEJWFSTPTRVFTUJPOBNFOUPTOBUFOUBUJWBEFUPSOBSPTJTUFNBEF
HSBUVJEBEFEFKVTUJÎBFBTTJTUÐODJBKVSÓEJDBHSBUVJUBDPFSFOUF"EFNBJTBTQPVDBT
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BOBDSÙOJDB0BSUJHPQPSFYFNQMPTPNFOUFJTFOUBPiQBHBNFOUPEFDVTUBTw
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EPWFODJEPFNIPOPSÈSJPTBEWPDBUÓDJPTTBMWPFNDBTPTEFMJUJHÉODJBEFNÈGÏ
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iCustas processuais são aquilo que a parte tem de pagar para o Estado para o custeio
das atividades desenvolvidas pelos próprios órgãos do Poder Judiciário (especialmente
as Varas e os respectivos Cartórios ou Secretarias), segundo critério de remuneração
xado pelo Regimento de Custas do respectivo Estado ou da Justiça Federal (Lei nº
9.289, de 4-7-1996), conforme o caso. Estão incluídas no conceito de custas proces-
suais, além das custas de distribuição e do preparo do recurso, o porte de remessa e
retorno dos autos à instância superior, as despesas de postagem de carta citatória ou
intimatória, as despesas com certidões, autenticações e registros feitos pelos cartórios
judiciaisw %*/"."3$0 1FESP EB 4JMWB Custas, Despesas, Honorários e Danos
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TPMWJEBwSaraivajur4ÍP1BVMP4BSBJWBQQ
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QSPDFTTVBJTBPTRVFOFDFTTJUFNFORVBOUPBBTTJTUÐODJBKVEJDJÈSJBTJHOJmDBPTFSWJÎP
HSBUVJUPEFSFQSFTFOUBÎÍPFNKVÓ[PTVQSJOEPBDBQBDJEBEFQPTUVMBUØSJBFBBTTJTUÐODJB
KVSÓEJDBÏVNBFYQSFTTÍPNBJTBNQMBRVFDPNQSFFOEFUBOUPBBTTJTUÐODJBKVEJDJÈSJB
DPNPBDPOTVMUPSJBFBPSJFOUBÎÍPKVSÓEJDBJODMVTJWFFYUSBKVEJDJBMFNHFSBM/&3:
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  -  tQQt&OFSP+VOJPEFt#PHPUÈ%$$PMPNCJB
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EPMPPVDVMQBEBQBSUF

$PNPBEWFOUPEP$ØEJHPEF1SPDFTTP$JWJMEF
BDBCPVQPSSFTUBSPNJTTBBQSFWJTÍPEPTIPOPSÈSJPTTVDVNCFODJBJT
1FMP FTDPQP MFHBM EB -FJ O  QBSB DPODFTTÍP EB HSBUVJEBEF EF
KVTUJÎBCBTUBBNFSBEFDMBSBÎÍPGFJUBQFMPQSØQSJPJOUFSFTTBEPEFRVFBTVB
TJUVBÎÍPFDPOÙNJDBOÍPQFSNJUFWJSBKVÓ[PTFNQSFKVÓ[PEBTVBNBOVUFOÎÍP
PV EF TVB GBNÓMJB RVF IBWFSJBVNB QSFTVOÎÍP iuris tantum EF WFSBDJEBEF
TVmDJFOUF ËDPODFTTÍP EP CFOFGÓDJPMFHBM $POUVEP B$POTUJUVJÎÍP EF 
QBTTPVBEJTQPSFNTFVBSUJHPJODJTP-99*7RVFBBTTJTUÐODJBKVEJDJBMF
HSBUVJUBTFSÈDPODFEJEBQFMP&TUBEPBPTRVFDPNQSPWBSFNBIJQPTTVmDJÐODJB
EFSFDVSTPT
%JBOUFEFTTBQSFWJTÍPBKVSJTQSVEÐODJBUPSOPVTFEJWFSHFOUFPSBNBOUFOEP
BDPODFTTÍPQPSNFSBEFDMBSBÎÍPEFQPCSF[BRVFQPEFTFSJOmSNBEBQPSQSPWB
FNDPOUSÈSJP

PSBBmSNBOEPRVFBQSFWJTÍPEB-FJOOÍPUFSJBTJEP
SFDFQDJPOBEB QFMB $POTUJUVJÎÍP 'FEFSBM DBCFOEP B RVFN EFMB QSFUFOEF TF
CFOFmDJBSEFNPOTUSBSRVFOÍPQPTTVJDPOEJÎÜFTEFBSDBSDPNPTDVTUPTEP
QSPDFTTPTFNQSFKVÓ[PEFTVBTVCTJTUÐODJBPVEFTVBGBNÓMJB

/PDBTPQPSÏN
EFQFTTPBKVSÓEJDBOÍPIÈEÞWJEBEFRVFPCFOFGÓDJPQPEFSÈTFSDPODFEJEP
EFTEFRVFDPNQSPWFNOÍPQPTTVJSSFOEJNFOUPTQBSBBSDBSDPNBTDVTUBTEB
EFNBOEB

.
1PSÏNPTBSUJHPTFEFTTBMFJTFSÍPFYQSFTTBNFOUF
SFWPHBEPTQFMPOPWP$ØEJHPEF1SPDFTTP$JWJMOPTUFSNPTEPBSUJHPEP
OPWFMEJQMPNBRVFFOUSBSÈFNWJHPSFNEFNBSÎPEF0OPWPEJQMPNB
USBUBEPUFNBFNTFVTBSUJHPTB

iPor isso, ao não incluir expressamente o termo “honorários” na redação original do art.
12 da Lei nº 1.060/1950, não pretendeu o legislador excluir os honorários sucumbenciais
do ÉNCJUP de incidência da gratuidade de justiça; ele não incluiu, simplesmente, porque
não era necessário incluirw4*-7"'SBOLMJO3PHFS"MWFT&45&7&4%JPHPPrincípios
Institucionais da Defensoria PúblicaEFBDPSEPDPNB&$%FGFOTPSJB1ÞCMJDB
EB6OJÍP3JPEF+BOFJSP'PSFOTFQ

/FTTF TFOUJEP 45+ 30.4  3FM .JO #FOFEJUP (POÎBMWFT 1SJNFJSB
5VSNB %+  45+ "("  3FM .JO 'FSOBOEP (POÎBMWFT
2VBSUB5VSNB%+F45+"("3FM.JO.BSJBͳFSF[BEF
"TTJT.PVSB4FYUB5VSNB%+

/FTTFTFOUJEP45+"("3FM+VJ['FEFSBM$POWPDBEP$BSMPT'FSOBOEP
.BUIJBT 2VBSUB 5VSNB %+F45+3&TQ  3FM .JO +PSHF
4DBSUF[[JOJ2VBSUB5VSNB%+

/FTTF TFOUJEP45+3&TQ 34 3FM .JO &MJBOB $BMNPO4FHVOEB 5VSNB %+
 F 45+ "%3&41  3FM .JO 1BVMP EF 5BSTP 4BOTFWFSJOP
5FSDFJSB5VSNB%+
  :          
Revista del Instituto Colombiano de Derecho Procesal t/P

$PNBFOUSBEBFNWJHPSEPOPWP$ØEJHPEF1SPDFTTP$JWJM
41
WBMFDJUBSRVF
BHSBUVJEBEFBMDBOÎBSÈOÍPBQFOBTBTQFTTPBTGÓTJDBTDPNPUBNCÏNBTQFTTPBT
KVSÓEJDBTOBDJPOBJTPVFTUSBOHFJSBTDPNJOTVmDJÐODJBEFSFDVSTPTQBSBQBHBSBT
DVTUBTBTEFTQFTBTQSPDFTTVBJTFPTIPOPSÈSJPTBEWPDBUÓDJPT1PSÏNFORVBOUP
QBSB B QFTTPB GÓTJDB P $ØEJHP  GPJ CBTUBOUF DBUFHØSJDP FN BEPUBS B UFPSJB
QSFTVNJDJPOJTUB QBSB mOT EB HSBUVJEBEF EF KVTUJÎB QBSB B QFTTPB KVSÓEJDB Ï
OFDFTTÈSJBBDPNQSPWBÎÍPEFOÍPQPTTVJSSFOEJNFOUPTQBSBBSDBSDPNBTDVTUBT
EBEFNBOEB

"MÏNEJTTPPOPWPEJQMPNBQSFWÐBHSBUVJEBEFEFFNPMVNFOUPT
QFMPTBUPTEPTOPUÈSJPTFSFHJTUSBEPSFTFBGPSNBEFTVBJNQVHOBÎÍPEFQFOEFSÈ
EPNPNFOUPFNRVFUJWFSTJEPSFRVFSJEBOPTBVUPT
"SFWPHBÎÍPEBHSBUVJEBEFEFKVTUJÎBQPTTVJSFHSBNFOUPFYQSFTTPOPBSU
RVFEJTQÜF RVFSFWPHBEBBHSBUVJEBEFB QBSUFEFWFSÈFGFUVBSP SFDPMIJNFOUP
EFUPEBTBTEFTQFTBTEFDVKPBEJBOUBNFOUPGPJEJTQFOTBEBJODMVTJWFBTSFMBUJWBT
BP SFDVSTP JOUFSQPTUP TF IPVWFSOP QSB[P mYBEP QFMP KVJ[ TFN QSFKVÓ[PEF
BQMJDBÎÍPEBTTBOÎÜFTQSFWJTUBTFNMFJ$BTPOÍPTFKBFGFUVBEPPSFDPMIJNFOUP
PQSPDFTTPTFSÈFYUJOUPTFNSFTPMVÎÍPEFNÏSJUPUSBUBOEPTFEPBVUPSFOPT
EFNBJTDBTPTOÍPQPEFSÈTFSEFGFSJEBBSFBMJ[BÎÍPEFRVBMRVFSBUPPVEJMJHÐODJB
SFRVFSJEBQFMBQBSUFFORVBOUPOÍPFGFUVBEPPEFQØTJUP
/PEJSFJUPFTUSBOHFJSPIÈUBNCÏNSFGPSNBTNBJTSFDFOUFTFTUÍPSFMBDJPOBEBT
ËUFOUBUJWBEFSFEVÎÍPEBTDVTUBTQSPDFTTVBJTFEFBMDBOÎBSNBJPSDFMFSJEBEFBP
QSPDFTTP

2VBMRVFSNFMIPSJBTVCTFRVFOUFEPBDFTTPEPTDJEBEÍPTÏVNFGFJUP
DPMBUFSBMQPTJUJWPNBTTFDVOEÈSJP
44
5PEBWJBFTTBTSFGPSNBTOÍPSFQSFTFOUBSBN
VNEFTFKPBMUSVÓTUJDPEFWBMPSJ[BSBDJEBEBOJBFOFNVNBDSJTFEFDPOmBOÎBOP
1PEFS+VEJDJÈSJPNBTBQFOBTVNBUFOUBUJWBEFSFEV[JSPTDVTUPTEPTTFSWJÎPT
KVSÓEJDPT

.
41
4PCSFPUFNSFNFUFTFB.&/%&4"MVJTJP(POÎBMWFTEF$BTUSP4*-7"-BSJTTB$MBSF
1PDINBOOEB#"33&504VTBOB$BEPSF/VOFT"(SBUVJEBEFEF+VTUJÎBFB"TTJTUÐO-
DJB+VSÓEJDB(SBUVJUBOPOPWP$ØEJHPEF1SPDFTTP$JWJMArtigo no prelo.

/FTTFTFOUJEP&OVODJBEPEF4ÞNVMBOEP45+i'B[KVTBPCFOFGÓDJPEBKVTUJÎBHSB-
UVJUBBQFTTPBKVSÓEJDBDPNPVTFNmOTMVDSBUJWPTRVFEFNPOTUSBSTVBJNQPTTJCJMJEBEFEF
BSDBSDPNPTFODBSHPTQSPDFTTVBJTw

;6$,&3."/"ESJBO"4i"3FGPSNPG$JWJM1SPDFEVSF3BUJPOJOH1SPDFEVSF3BUIFS
UIBO"DDFTTUP+VTUJDFwJournal of Law and Society. 6UBI-BXBOE4PDJFUZO
Q%JTQPOÓWFMFNIUUQBESJBO[VDLFSNBODPVLmMFT'JMF&DPOPNZES
1%'UFTUQEG<"DFTTPFNEF[>
44
&$0/0.*%&4,JN-FOEPBTPOEBTEPi.PWJNFOUPEF"DFTTPË+VTUJÎBwFQJTUFNPMPHJB
versus NFUPEPMPHJB 5SBE1BVMP.BSUJOT(BSDIFUIn: 1"/%0-'*%VMDF$IBWFT$"3-
7"-)0+PTÏ.VSJMPEF$"3/&*30-FBOESP1JRVFU(3:/4;1"/.BSJPCidadania,
Justiça e Violência. 3JPEF+BOFJSP'VOEBÎÍP(FUÞMJP7BSHBT&EJUPSBQ

*CÓEFN.
          
  -  tQQt&OFSP+VOJPEFt#PHPUÈ%$$PMPNCJB

7ÈSJPT QBÓTFT m[FSBN SFGPSNBT QBSB SFEV[JS PT DVTUPT "MÏN EP DÏMFCSF
SFMBUØSJPEF-PSE+BDLTPOOB*OHMBUFSSBFNB#ÏMHJDBSFGPSNPVTVBTSFHSBT
QBSBQSFWFSBTVDVNCÐODJBFFNGPJBWF[EF1PSUVHBMSFBMJ[BSBMUFSBÎÜFT
QSFPDVQBOEPTFFNDPJCJSEFNBOEBTQSPUFMBUØSJBTFQSFWFSPQSJODÓQJPEBDBVTB-
MJEBEFQBSBBTDVTUBT

$POUVEPBBMUFSBÎÍPNBJTSFDFOUFOBTDVTUBTQSPDFTTVBJT
PDPSSFVOP3FJOP6OJEPFNBCSJMEF
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USB[FOEPVNOPWPSFHJNFEFDVTUBT
mYBTBMÏNEFMJNJUBSPTIPOPSÈSJPTEFTVDVNCÐODJBBEPTEBOPTFYDMVJOEP
EBOPTGVUVSPTFMFWBSPTEBOPTNPSBJTFNFFTUBCFMFDFSTBOÎÜFTBPTSÏVTRVF
QSPUFMBNBTEFNBOEBTUFOUBOEPJODFOUJWBSBDPSEPTOPDVSTPEPQSPDFTTP
&NSFMBÎÍPBPTIPOPSÈSJPTBEWPDBUÓDJPTDBCFEFTUBDBSRVFP#SBTJMEJTQÜFEF
EFGFOTPSFTQÞCMJDPTUBOUPOB+VTUJÎB&TUBEVBMDPNPOB+VTUJÎB'FEFSBMNBTBJOEB
FNRVBOUJEBEFJOTVmDJFOUFFNNVJUPTFTUBEPTEBGFEFSBÎÍPPRVFOÍPQÙTmN
ËBUVBÎÍPEFBEWPHBEPTEBUJWPTBUVBÎÍPFTTBKÈDSJUJDBEBOP1SPKFUP'MPSFOÎBIÈ
RVBSFOUBBOPT
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SFUSBUBEBTOB"ÎÍP%JSFUBEF*ODPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFOQSPUPDPMBEBFN
EF BHPTUPEFQFMB "TTPDJBÎÍP/BDJPOBMEPT.FNCSPTEP.JOJTUÏSJP
1ÞCMJDPRVFTUJPOBOEPBQSFWJTÍPEB-FJOEFEFKBOFJSPEFRVF
BDSFTDFOUPVBQSFWJTÍPEFMFHJUJNJEBEFEB%FGFOTPSJB1ÞCMJDBQBSBPBKVJ[BNFOUP
EFBÎÜFTDPMFUJWBTJOTFSJOEPBJOTUJUVJÎÍPOPSPMEPBSUEB-FJO
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'FEFSBMQSPGFSJEPFNEFGFWFSFJSPEF
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%FGFOTPSJB 1ÞCMJDB BP PSEFOBNFOUP KVSÓEJDP CSBTJMFJSP"T SB[ÜFT EP QBSFDFS
QSFMJNJOBSNFOUFSFDPOIFDFSBNBQFSUJOÐODJBUFNÈUJDBEB"TTPDJBÎÍP/BDJPOBM
EP.JOJTUÏSJP 1ÞCMJDPBQSPWPDBSP 4VQSFNP5SJCVOBM'FEFSBMTPCSF PUFNB
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RVBOEP EB FYQPTJÎÍP TPCSF B TFHVOEB POEB SFOPWBUØSJB EFTUBDBSBN RVF BT
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IVNBOPT mOBODFJSPT F MPHÓTUJDPT QBSB B DSJBÎÍP QBSB B JOTUBMBÎÍP F QBSB P
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Funding of Civil Litigation A Comparative Study 0YGPSE 1PSUMBOE 0SFHPO 
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SFOPWBUØSJBFQPEFN TFSPCUJEBT FN IUUQTXXXKVTUJDFHPWVLDJWJMKVTUJDFSFGPSNT
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  :          
Revista del Instituto Colombiano de Derecho Procesal t/P
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GVODJPOBNFOUPFNEJWFSTPTFTUBEPT%FTTBGPSNBBBUSJCVJÎÍPEFMFHJUJNJEBEF
QBSBPQSPDFTTPDPMFUJWPBQFOBTBHSBWBSJBNBJTFTUBSFBMJEBEF
4PNFOUFFNBQØTB&NFOEB$POTUJUVDJPOBMOBDSFTDFOUBS
Ë$POTUJUVJÎÍP#SBTJMFJSBBMFHJUJNJEBEFEB%FGFOTPSJB1ÞCMJDBQBSBBTBÎÜFT
DPMFUJWBT P 4VQSFNP 5SJCVOBM 'FEFSBM CFN QSPDFEFV BP BOBMJTBS B BÎÍP
FSFJUFSBSB MFHJUJNJEBEFEB%FGFOTPSJB1ÞCMJDBQBSBBT BÎÜFTDPMFUJWBTNBT
P KVMHBNFOUP OÍP GPJ DBQB[ EF EFTQFSUBS B BUFOÎÍP QBSB B OFDFTTJEBEF EB
BNQMJBÎÍPEPOÞNFSPEFEFGFOTPSFTQÞCMJDPTOPQBÓTQBSBPGPSUBMFDJNFOUPEB
JOTUJUVJÎÍPFPBQSJNPSBNFOUPEPBDFTTPËKVTUJÎBBPTIJQPTTVmDJFOUFT
%FTUBRVFTFBJOEBRVFBJOEBNBJTSFDFOUFOPBOPEFBPBQSFDJBSBT
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'FEFSBMEFDMBSPVBJODPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEFEFOPSNBTEP&TUBEPEF4BOUB$BUBSJOB
RVFEJTQÜFN TPCSFB EFGFOTPSJBEBUJWBF BBTTJTUÐODJB KVEJDJÈSJB HSBUVJUBϰ0
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QSFTUBÎÍP KVSÓEJDB HSBUVJUB QPS NFJP EF BEWPHBEPT EBUJWPT JOEJDBEPT QFMB
TFDDJPOBMDBUBSJOFOTFEB0SEFNEPT"EWPHBEPTEP#SBTJM0"#4$"$PSUF
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EJTQPTJUJWPTDPOUFTUBEPTBSUJHPEBϰ$POTUJUVJÎÍPϰEF4BOUB$BUBSJOBF-FJ
$PNQMFNFOUBS&TUBEVBMQFSEFSJBNFmDÈDJBOPPSEFOBNFOUPKVSÓEJDP
"UVBMNFOUFPFTUBEPEF4BOUB$BUBSJOBSFBMJ[PVDPODVSTPFKÈQPTTVJBMHVOT
EFGFOTPSFTQÞCMJDPTNBTFNOÞNFSPBJOEBJOTVmDJFOUFQBSBBUFOEJNFOUPFN
UPEPPFTUBEPTVCTJTUJOEPBBUVBÎÍPEFEFGFOTPSFTEBUJWPTFNVNBCVTDBEPT
OPWPTEFGFOTPSFTQBSBBNQMJBÎÍPEPRVBOUJUBUJWPEFQSPmTTJPOBJTBQSPWBEPT
QPSDPODVSTPQÞCMJDPQBSBBDBSSFJSB
&N  DPN P BEWFOUP EB &NFOEB $POTUJUVDJPOBM  B $POTUJUVJÎÍP
QBTTPVBEJTQPSFNTFVBSUJHPfRVFOPQSB[PEFPJUPBOPTB6OJÍP
PT&TUBEPTFP%JTUSJUP'FEFSBMEFWFSÍPDPOUBSDPNEFGFOTPSFTQÞCMJDPTFN
UPEBTBTVOJEBEFTKVSJTEJDJPOBJTPRVFTJHOJmDBRVFBQFOBTFNEFWFSÈ
IBWFSEFGFOTPSQÞCMJDPFNUPEBTBTDPNBSDBTFTFÎÜFTKVEJDJÈSJBTGBDJMJUBOEP
PBDFTTPË+VTUJÎBEPTIJQPTTVmDJFOUFTOP#SBTJM&TTBNFUBQPSÏNFOGSFOUB
EJWFSTPTEFTBmPTPSÎBNFOUÈSJPTOPQBÓT
0NPEFMPEFBTTJTUÐODJBKVSÓEJDBQFMB%FGFOTPSJB1ÞCMJDBFQFMPTEFGFOTPSFT
EBUJWPT Ï DPNQMFNFOUBEP BJOEB QFMB BUVBÎÍP EPT FTDSJUØSJPT NPEFMP EBT
GBDVMEBEFTEF %JSFJUPDPNQPTUP QPSVN QSPGFTTPSPSJFOUBEPSBEWPHBEPT F
FTUBHJÈSJPTRVFTÍPBMVOPTEBQSØQSJBGBDVMEBEFBQBSUJSEPTÏUJNPQFSÓPEP
DPNDBSUFJSBEFFTUBHJÈSJPEB0SEFNEPT"EWPHBEPTEP#SBTJMo0"#TBMWP
OPTDBTPTEPTJNQFEJNFOUPT MFHBJTRVFMÈBQSFOEFNPSJFOUBEPTFTVQFSWJ-
TJPOBEPTQPSQSPmTTJPOBJTIBCJMJUBEPTPFYFSDÓDJPEBBEWPDBDJB
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PT BEWPHBEPT BUFOEFN B DBUFHPSJBT QBSUJDVMBSFT EF DMJFOUFT PT HSBOEFT
FTDSJUØSJPTEFBEWPDBDJBUÐNFOUSFTFVTQSJODJQBJTDMJFOUFTPTTFUPSFTDPSQP-
SBUJWPTFORVBOUPPTRVFOÍPQPTTVFNDPOEJÎÜFTEFBSDBSDPNVNBEWPHBEP
QSPDVSBNBBTTJTUÐODJBKVEJDJÈSJBHSBUVJUBNBTPTTFUPSFTEFEJTQPOJCJMJEBEFEB
BTTJTUÐODJBHSBUVJUBBDBCBNTFOEPEFmOJEBTFNGVOÎÍPEPTFSWJÎPKVSÓEJDPRVF
P&TUBEPEFTFKBJODFOUJWBS
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TPMVÎÍPFYUSBKVEJDJBMEFDPOnJUPTEJTQPOJCJMJ[BBTTJTUÐODJBKVEJDJÈSJBHSBUVJUB
UBNCÏNOFTTBÈSFB
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NFEJBOUF B SFNVOFSBÎÍP QFMBT QSPWÓODJBT EP BEWPHBEP QBSB RVF BUFOEB
HSBUVJUBNFOUF PT IJQPTTVmDJFOUFT KVEJDJBM F FYUSBKVEJDJBMNFOUF DPN BTTJT-
UÐODJBQSFTFODJBMPVPSJFOUBÎÍPQPSUFMFGPOF/FTTF TFOUJEPQPSFYFNQMPB
Legal Aid0OUÈSJPÏSFTQPOTÈWFMQPSQSPWFSBBTTJTUÐODJBKVEJDJÈSJBFNUPEPTPT
TFUPSFTQBSBPTSFTJEFOUFTFN0OUÈSJPBLegal Services SocietyQBSBPTSFTJEFOUFT
OBQSPWÓODJBEF#SJUJTI$PMVNCJBFBCommissiondes Services JuridiquesQBSB
PTSFTJEFOUFTOBQSPWÓODJBEF2VFCFD$BEBVNBEFTTBTJOTUJUVJÎÜFTGPSOFDF
JOGPSNBÎÜFTBBEWPHBEPTQBSBDPNPQSFTUBSFNBBTTJTUÐODJBHSBUVJUBFTFSFN
SFNVOFSBEPTQFMBQSPWÓODJBFNRVFBUVBNCFNDPNPBPTIJQPTTVmDJFOUFT
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EVBTEJTQPTJÎÜFTTPCSFPTMFHJUJNBEPTVNBOPÉNCJUPEFBÎÜFTDPMFUJWBTOP
CMPDPFPVUSBFTQFDJmDBNFOUFQBSBPTDBTPTEFBÎÜFTDPMFUJWBTUSBOTGSPOUFJSJÎBT
/PQSJNFJSPDBTPSFHVMPVBQFOBTTPCSFSFRVJTJUPTRVFEFWFNTFSQSFFO-
DIJEPTQFMBTFOUJEBEFTSFQSFTFOUBUJWBTTFNQSFKVÓ[PEFPVUSBTFYJHÐODJBTOPT
EJSFJUPTOBDJPOBJT0QSJNFJSPSFRVJTJUPÏBFOUJEBEFOÍPQPTTVJSmOTMVDSBUJWPT
PTFHVOEPÏBFYJTUÐODJBEFVNBSFMBÎÍPEJSFUBFOUSFPTPCKFUJWPTQSJODJQBJTEB
FOUJEBEFFPTEJSFJUPTDVKBUVUFMBTFQSFUFOEFPRVFTFEFOPNJOBQFSUJOÐODJB
UFNÈUJDBFPUFSDFJSPSFRVJTJUPÏBFOUJEBEFTFSEPUBEBEFDBQBDJEBEFUBOUP
FDPOÙNJDB DPNPEF TVQPSUFIVNBOP FEFDPOIFDJNFOUPTKVSÓEJDPTQBSB P
MJUÓHJP +È TF B FOUJEBEFOÍP GPS DBEBTUSBEB DBCFSÈ ËT BVUPSJEBEFT HPWFSOB-

.&/%&4 "MVJTJP (POÎBMWFT EF $BTUSP4*-7" - $1 i"3FDPNFOEBÎÍPEB6OJÍP
&VSPQFJBEFEFKVOIPEFTPCSFBTBÎÜFTDPMFUJWBTwRevista del Instituto Colom-
biano de Derecho Procesal$PMÙNCJB*OTUJUVUP$PMPNCJBOPEFM%FSFDIP1SPDFTBMW
QQ
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6/*°0 &6301&*" Rumo a um quadro jurídico horizontal europeu para a tutela
coletiva. %JTQPOÓWFM FN IUUQTUPBEFFTDFVSPQBFV7JFX%PDBTQY EPD@@
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          
  -  tQQt&OFSP+VOJPEFt#PHPUÈ%$$PMPNCJB

NFOUBJTPV BPQSØQSJP USJCVOBMSFBMJ[BSFNVNB DFSUJmDBÎÍPad hoc QBSBP
BKVJ[BNFOUPEFVNBBÎÍP
/PTFHVOEPDBTPBPUSBUBSEPTDBTPTUSBOTGSPOUFJSJÎPTOPBSUBENJUFTFB
MFHJUJNJEBEFEFFOUJEBEFTSFQSFTFOUBUJWBTFTUSBOHFJSBTPVEFHSVQPTFTUSBOHFJSPT
EFTEFRVFTFKBNEFTJHOBEPTQPSBMHVN&TUBEPNFNCSPDPNPMFHJUJNBEPTQBSB
BTBÎÜFTDPMFUJWBTBSU
0UFYUPOÍPBCPSEBQSPQSJBNFOUFBOFDFTTJEBEFEFVNQSPDFTTPEFDFSUJ-
mDBÎÍPEF VNBBÎÍP DPNPDPMFUJWBBUÏ NFTNPQPSRVFOÍP IÈVOJGPSNJEBEF
TPCSFPUFNBOPÉNCJUPEPCMPDP

FUSBUBOPTBSUJHPTFBQFOBTRVFTF
WFSJmRVF B QSFTFOÎB EF DPOEJÎÜFT QBSB B BÎÍP DPMFUJWB TFN FTQFDJmDBS RVF
DPOEJÎÜFTTÍPFTTBT&TTBWFSJmDBÎÍPÏBUSJCVÓEBDPNPGVOÎÍPEFDBEBUSJCVOBM
QBSBJOEFGFSJSEFQMBOPBÎÜFTNBOJGFTUBNFOUFJOGVOEBEBT
"3FDPNFOEBÎÍPUSB[BJOEBGPSNBTKVEJDJBJTFFYUSBKVEJDJBJTQBSBBTPMVÎÍP
EFDPOnJUPTDPMFUJWPTRVFTFSÍPBCPSEBEBTEFOUSPEPDPOUFYUPEBUFSDFJSBPOEB
SFOPWBUØSJBEF.BVSP$BQQFMMFUUJGPSUBMFDFOEPBTBÎÜFTDPMFUJWBTRVFQPTTVÓBN
BJOEBQPVDPEFTUBRVFËÏQPDBEP1SPKFUP'MPSFOÎB3FTTBMUFTFBMJÈTRVFPGPSUB-
MFDJNFOUPEBTBÎÜFTDPMFUJWBTTJHOJmDBPBQSJNPSBNFOUPEPSFTVMUBEPEFTVBT
GVOÎÜFTRVFDPMBCPSBNOBTPMVÎÍPEFNVJUPTQSPCMFNBTBQPOUBEPTIÈRVBSFOUB
BOPTQPS.BVSP$BQQFMMFUUJ"TBÎÜFTDPMFUJWBTQPTTVFNVNJNQPSUBOUFQBQFM
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OPBDFTTPË+VTUJÎB
"QFTBS EF VN 1PEFS +VEJDJÈSJP BTTPCFSCBEP F DPN SFDVSTPT NBUFSJBJT F
IVNBOPTJOTVmDJFOUFTEJWFSTBTMFTÜFTBJOEBOÍPTÍPMFWBEBTBP1PEFS+VEJDJÈSJP
5SBUBTFEBTMFTÜFTEFCBHBUFMBSFUSBUBEBTDPNPFOUSBWFBPBDFTTPË+VTUJÎBQFMP
1SPKFUP'MPSFOÎBRVFTFDPOTJEFSBEBTTFQBSBEBNFOUFFNUFSNPTFDPOÙNJDPT
TÍP EF QFRVFOB NPOUB GB[FOEP DPN RVF OB SFMBÎÍP DVTUPCFOFGÓDJP P
BKVJ[BNFOUPEFBÎÜFTJOEJWJEVBJTTFKBEFTFTUJNVMBOUFFBUÏNFTNPEFmDJFOUF
EFJYBOEPQFSQFUVBSQSÈUJDBTJMFHBJTFMFTJWBT$POTJEFSBOEPRVFUBOUPOBFTGFSB
QÞCMJDBDPNPOBQSJWBEBBTSFMBÎÜFTEFNBTTBFYQBOEFNTFDPOUJOVBNFOUFPT
DBVTBEPSFTEBTMFTÜFTBDBCBNCFOFmDJBEPTQPJTBMÏNEFHFSBMNFOUFUFSFNNBJT
SFDVSTPTQBSBEFTQFOEFSOPMJUÓHJPBDBCBNTFCFOFmDJBOEPEBTMFTÜFTQFSQFUSBEBT

&NSFMBÎÍPBPTEJGFSFOUFTNPEFMPTBEPUBEPTQBSBBTBÎÜFTDPMFUJWBT.&/%&4"MVJ-
TJP(POÎBMWFT EF$BTUSPAções coletivas e meios de resolução coletiva de conflitos no
direito comparado e nacional. FE 4ÍP 1BVMP 35  Q F 4*-7" -BSJTTB
$MBSF1PDINBOOEBA Legitimidade do Indivíduo nas Ações Coletivas. 3JPEF+BOFJSP
(;QQ
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4PCSFPQBQFMEBTBÎÜFTDPMFUJWBT.&/%&4"MVJTJP(POÎBMWFTEF$BTUSPAções coleti-
vas e meios de resolução coletiva de conflitos no direito comparado e nacional. FE4ÍP
1BVMP35QQ
  :          
Revista del Instituto Colombiano de Derecho Procesal t/P

FNSFMBÎÍPBPTQPVDPTRVFCVTDBNTVBSFQBSBÎÍPOP1PEFS+VEJDJÈSJP$PNP
DPOTFRVÐODJBEFQPVDBPVOFOIVNBWBMJBQBTTBNBTFSBTOPSNBTEFEJSFJUP
NBUFSJBMRVFFTUBCFMFDFNEJSFJUPTQBSBPTMFTBEPTTFBSFGFSJEBQSPUFÎÍPOÍP
FODPOUSBSBNQBSPQSPDFTTVBM
"EFNBJT P DBVTBEPS EB MFTÍP FN UFTF DPN NBJT SFDVSTPT NBUFSJBJT F
IVNBOPTFTUBSÈNBJTCFNQSFQBSBEPQBSBPFNCBUFEPRVFPTRVFCVTDBN
BNQBSPOP1PEFS+VEJDJÈSJPPDBTJPOBOEPPEFTFRVJMÓCSJPOBSFMBÎÍPQSPDFTTVBM
&TTF EFTFRVJMÓCSJP QPEF TFS BHSBWBEP QFMB GBMUB EF GPSNBÎÍP F JOGPSNBÎÍP
KVSÓEJDBDPNPKÈUJOIBDPOTUBUBEP$BQQFMMFUUJOBDPODMVTÍPEFTVBTQFTRVJTBT
"TBÎÜFTDPMFUJWBTSFQSFTFOUBNVNBJNQPSUBOUFGFSSBNFOUBQBSBPBDFTTPË
+VTUJÎBFMJNJOBOEPPTFOUSBWFTNFODJPOBEPT0WBMPSQBUSJNPOJBMRVFJOEJWJ-
EVBMNFOUFTFSJBÓOmNPDPMFUJWBNFOUFQBTTBBTFSSFMFWBOUF

QFSNJUJOEPBT
BÎÜFT DPMFUJWBT RVF FTTFT EBOPT OÍP mRVFN TFN SFQBSBÎÍP

 0 MFHJUJNBEP
DPMFUJWPUFSÈBJOEBVNBQPTJÎÍPNBJTFRVJMJCSBEBOPMJUÓHJPFTVBSFQSFTFO-
UBUJWJEBEFBEFRVBEBTFSÈQSFTVNJEBQPSEJTQPTJÎÍPMFHBMPVBGFSJEBOPDBTP
DPODSFUP EFQFOEFOEPEP NPEFMPBEPUBEP 0 TJTUFNBUBNCÏN BDBCBSÈ QPS
EFmOJS TFV QPUFODJBM FDPOÙNJDP QBSB BUVBÎÍP "MÏN EJTTP B BÎÍP DPMFUJWB
QPEFSÈBTTFHVSBSBJNQPSUÉODJBQPMÓUJDBEFBMHVNBTDBVTBTDPNPEJSFJUPTEBT
NJOPSJBTEJSFJUPTDJWJTFEPNFJPBNCJFOUF
²QSFDJTPBmSNBSBJOEBRVFFTTBNVMUJQMJDBÎÍPEFDBVTBTJEÐOUJDBTQPEF
HFSBSEFDJTÜFTDPOUSBEJUØSJBTFËTWF[FTBUÏNFTNPBOUBHÙOJDBT%FNBOEBOUFT
DPNTJUVBÎÜFTJEÐOUJDBTEPQPOUPEFWJTUBEPEJSFJUPNBUFSJBMQPEFNBDBCBS
SFDFCFOEPSFTQPTUBTKVSJTEJDJPOBJTEJGFSFODJBEBTEFDPSSFOUFBQFOBTEBSFMBÎÍP
QSPDFTTVBM 0 EJSFJUP QSPDFTTVBM BDBCB QPS BTTVNJS OFTTBT TJUVBÎÜFT VN
QBQFMEFUFSNJOBOUFFOÍPNFSBNFOUFJOTUSVNFOUBMPRVFHFSBEFTJHVBMEBEF
F HSBOEF JOTFHVSBOÎB KVSÓEJDB "T BÎÜFT DPMFUJWBT QPEFN DPOUSJCVJS QBSB B
BUFOVBÎÍPEFTTFQSPCMFNBDPNBSFTPMVÎÍPEBRVFTUÍPFNVNÞOJDPQSPDFTTP
$BCFBJOEBEFTUBDBSBSFMFWÉODJBEBTBÎÜFTDPMFUJWBTOPDVNQSJNFOUPEP
EJSFJUPNBUFSJBM4FQPVDBTQFTTPBTCVTDBNBTBUJTGBÎÍPEPEJSFJUPBTDPOEF-
OBÎÜFTJNQPTUBTQPEFSÍPTFSJOTVmDJFOUFTQBSBDPJCJSPBUPJMÓDJUP0QBQFMEBT
BÎÜFTDPMFUJWBTWBJBMÏNEFBTTFHVSBSBSFQBSBÎÍPEPTEBOPTQBSBUPEPTPTMFTBEPT
PVQFMPNFOPTEFVNBRVBOUJEBEFTJHOJmDBUJWBEFWÓUJNBTQSFUFOEFOEPGB[FS

"-7"3&;"MFKBOESP#VHBMMPi"OÈMJTF&DPOÙNJDBEP%JSFJUPDPOUSJCVJÎÜFTFEFTNJUJm-
DBÎÜFTwRevista Direito, Estado e Sociedade. 3JPEF+BOFJSP16$3JPWOKVMEF[
. Q

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1PTUFSJPSNFOUF FNB &NFOEB$POTUJUVDJPOBM BMUFSPV PBSU 
fEB$POTUJUVJÎÍP'FEFSBMFBDSFTDFOUPVPBSU"BPUFYUPDPOTUJUVDJPOBM
DSJBOEPBTÞNVMBWJODVMBOUFRVFUFNPCTFSWÉODJBPCSJHBUØSJBQFSBOUFPTKVÓ[FT
USJCVOBJTFB"ENJOJTUSBÎÍP1ÞCMJDBTPCQFOBEFSFDMBNBÎÍPEJSFUBBP45'&N
SFMBÎÍPBPQSJNFJSPEJTQPTJUJWPQSFWJVTFPFGFJUPWJODVMBOUFOBTIJQØUFTFTEF
EFDJTÜFTEFmOJUJWBTEFNÏSJUPQSPGFSJEBTQFMP45'OBTBÎÜFTEJSFUBTEFJODPOT-
UJUVDJPOBMJEBEF F OBT BÎÜFT EFDMBSBUØSJBT EF DPOTUJUVDJPOBMJEBEF2VBOUP BP
TFHVOEPEJTQPTJUJWPUFWFTFBQBSUJSEFFOUÍPBQSFWJTÍPEFTÞNVMBTWJODVMBOUFT
OPPSEFOBNFOUPKVSÓEJDPCSBTJMFJSPUSB[FOEPQSFWJTJCJMJEBEFFVOJGPSNJEBEFBPT
KVMHBNFOUPTDPNPSFGPSÎPEBJEFJBEFPCTFSWÉODJBPCSJHBUØSJBEPTQSFDFEFOUFT
mYBEPTQFMPTUSJCVOBJTTVQFSJPSFTJOJDJBMNFOUFFYJTUFOUFBQFOBTOPTTJTUFNBTEF
common law.
&NB-FJOSFOVNFSPVPBSUEP$1$PfQBSBEJTQPS
RVFP KVJ[OÍPSFDFCFSÈP SFDVSTPEFBQFMBÎÍPRVBOEP BTFOUFOÎBFTUJWFSFN
DPOGPSNJEBEFDPNTÞNVMBEP45+PVEP45'
/PNFTNPBOPB-FJOJODMVJVPBSU"OP$ØEJHPEF1SPDFTTP
$JWJMRVFQFSNJUFBPKVJ[EFQSJNFJSPHSBVPKVMHBNFOUPEFQMBOPEFJNQSP-
DFEÐODJB BOUFT NFTNP EB DJUBÎÍP EP SÏV RVBOEP IPVWFS DBTPT JEÐOUJDPT KÈ
TFOUFODJBEPTOPKVÓ[PBÓTFOEPJOUFSQSFUBEPEFNPEPTJTUFNÈUJDPPEJTQPTJUJWP
QBSBRVF FTTBBVUPSJ[BÎÍP PDPSSBRVBOEPTPCSF BRVFTUÍP EFEJSFJUPIPVWFS
TÞNVMBPVKVSJTQSVEÐODJBEPT5SJCVOBJT4VQFSJPSFT
"JOEB FN B-FJ O BDSFTDFOUPV PTBSUJHPT " F# BP
$ØEJHPEF1SPDFTTP$JWJMRVFUSBUBNEBSFQFSDVTTÍPHFSBMFEPSFDVSTPFYUSBPS-
EJOÈSJPSFQFUJUJWPFFNB-FJOBDSFTDFOUPVBP$ØEJHPEF1SPDFTTP
$JWJMPBSUJHP$USBUBOEPEBTJTUFNÈUJDBEPSFDVSTPFTQFDJBMSFQFUJUJWPEF
GPSNBRVFOÍPDIFHBTTFNJOÞNFSPTSFDVSTPTWFSTBOEPTPCSFBNFTNBRVFTUÍP
  :          
Revista del Instituto Colombiano de Derecho Procesal t/P

BPTUSJCVOBJTTVQFSJPSFTFWJUBOEPRVFBMÏNEFBCBSSPUÈMPTIPVWFTTFEFDJTÜFT
DPOUSBEJUØSJBT
&N B -FJ O USBUPVEP BHSBWP JOUFSQPTUPDPOUSB EFDJTÍP RVF
OÍPBENJUFSFDVSTPFYUSBPSEJOÈSJPPVFTQFDJBMFNBHSBWPOPTQSØQSJPTBVUPT
BMUFSBOEP BMHVOT EJTQPTJUJWPT EP $1$ EFOUSF FMFT P BSUJHP  FN TFVT
QBSÈHSBGPT QSJNFJSP F UFSDFJSP BMÏN EF BDSFTDFOUBS P QBSÈHSBGP RVBSUP BP
EJTQPTJUJWP"BMUFSBÎÍPQFSNJUJVRVFPSFMBUPSOP4VQSFNP5SJCVOBM'FEFSBMPV
OP4VQFSJPS5SJCVOBMEF+VTUJÎBOFHVFTFHVJNFOUPBPSFDVSTPNBOJGFTUBNFOUF
JOBENJTTÓWFM QSFKVEJDBEP PV FN DPOGSPOUP DPN TÞNVMB PV KVSJTQSVEÐODJB
EPNJOBOUF OP USJCVOBM PV BJOEB EÐ TFHVJNFOUP BP SFDVSTP TF P BDØSEÍP
SFDPSSJEPFTUJWFS FNDPOGSPOUPDPNTÞNVMB PVKVSJTQSVEÐODJBEPNJOBOUFOP
USJCVOBM
1PSÏNPBQFSGFJÎPBNFOUPEBUÏDOJDBKVEJDJBMOÍPTFFTHPUBBÓ&NEF[FNCSP
EF GPJBQSPWBEP OP4FOBEP 'FEFSBMDBTB JOJDJBEPSBEP QSPKFUP POPWP
$ØEJHPEF1SPDFTTP$JWJMTBODJPOBEPOPEJBEFNBSÎPEFDPNvacatioEF
VN BOP 0 OPWP $ØEJHP CVTDB FN EJWFSTPT QPOUPT P BQFSGFJÎPBNFOUP EB
UÏDOJDB KVEJDJBM 4FHVOEPEJWVMHBEP QFMP 4FOBEP 'FEFSBM

  TFSJBNBT TVBT
EJSFUSJ[FTBÎÜFTKVEJDJBJTDPNPNFTNPPCKFUJWPQPEFSÍPTFSBTTVBTUFTFT
KVSÓEJDBT KVMHBEBT EF VNB ÞOJDB WF[ JODJEFOUF EF SFTPMVÎÍP EF EFNBOEBT
SFQFUJUJWBTPOPWP$1$FYUJOHVFBMHVOTSFDVSTPTMJNJUBPVUSPTFFODBSFDF
BGBTFSFDVSTBMϰBMÏNEFDSJBSNVMUBTRVBOEPPPCKFUJWPGPSBQFOBTQBSBBUSBTBS
BEFDJTÍP BTBÎÜFTTFSÍPKVMHBEBTFNPSEFNDSPOPMØHJDB EFDPODMVTÍPFB
MJTUB EFQSPDFTTPT mDBSÈEJTQPOÓWFM QBSBDPOTVMUB QÞCMJDB KVÓ[FT UFSÍPRVF
EFUBMIBSPTNPUJWPTEBTEFDJTÜFTOÍPQPEFOEPBQFOBTϰUSBOTDSFWFSBMFHJTMBÎÍP
RVFEÈ TVQPSUFËTFOUFOÎB DPNP PCKFUJWPEFUFOUBSBDPSEPT PTUSJCVOBJT
UFSÍPRVFDSJBSDFOUSPTKVEJDJÈSJPTEFDPODJMJBÎÍPFNFEJBÎÍPDPNQSPmTTJPOBJT
FTQFDJBMJ[BEPT  QSFTFOÎB EF FTQFDJBMJTUB OB UPNBEB EF EFQPJNFOUP EF
DSJBOÎBPVJODBQB[QBTTBBTFS PCSJHBUØSJBϰOPTϰDBTPTSFMBDJPOBEPTBBCVTPPV
BMJFOBÎÍPQBSFOUBMmDBϰNBOUJEBBQSJTÍPGFDIBEBQBSBPEFWFEPSEFQFOTÍP
NBTBHPSBDPNBHBSBOUJBEFRVFmDBSÈTFQBSBEPEPTQSFTPTDPNVOTQBSB
HBSBOUJSBFYFDVÎÍPEBTFOUFOÎBPKVJ[QPEFSÈEFUFSNJOBSBJODMVTÍPEPOPNF
EPEFWFEPSFNDBEBTUSPTEFJOBEJNQMFOUFTBENJOJTUSBEPSFTFTØDJPTQBTTBN
BSFTQPOEFSDPNTFVTCFOTQFMPTQSFKVÓ[PTEBTTPDJFEBEFTDPNQFSTPOBMJEBEF
KVSÓEJDBFNDBTPTEFBCVTPTFGSBVEFTBEWPHBEPTQÞCMJDPTQPEFSÍPSFDFCFS
BMÏNEPTBMÈSJPIPOPSÈSJPTRVBOEPPCUJWFSFNTVDFTTPOBTDBVTBTBEWPHBEPT
MJCFSBJTOBTBÎÜFTWFODJEBTDPOUSBB'B[FOEB1ÞCMJDBUFSÍPUBCFMBEFIPOPSÈSJPT

#3"4*-Os 13 Principais Pontos do Novo Código de Processo Civil. %JTQPOÓWFMFNIUUQ
TFOBEPGFEFSBMUVNCMSDPNQPTUPTQSJODJQBJTQPOUPTEPOPWP
DPEJHPEFQSPDFTTP<"DFTTPFNEF[>
          
  -  tQQt&OFSP+VOJPEFt#PHPUÈ%$$PMPNCJB

EFBDPSEPDPNGBJYBTTPCSFPWBMPSEBDPOEFOBÎÍPPVEPQSPWFJUPFDPOÙNJDP
 QBSBRVF PTBEWPHBEPTUFOIBN GÏSJBTF OÍPQFSDBN QSB[PTPT QSPDFTTPT
mDBNTVTQFOTPTFOUSFEFEF[FNCSPFEFKBOFJSPFBJOUFSWFOÎÍPEP
amicuscuriae FN DBVTBT DPOUSPWFSTBT F SFMFWBOUFT QPEFSÈ TFS GFJUB QPS VNB
QFTTPBØSHÍPPVFOUJEBEFRVFEFUFOIBDPOIFDJNFOUPPVSFQSFTFOUBUJWJEBEFOB
EJTDVTTÍP
$POUVEP JNQPSUBOUF EFTUBDBS RVF FTTF IJTUØSJDP EF SFGPSNBT QBSB P
BQFSGFJÎPBNFOUP EB UÏDOJDB KVEJDJBM OÍP GPJ DBQB[ EF JOJCJS P OÞNFSP EF
QSPDFTTPTFNUSBNJUBÎÍPOP1PEFS+VEJDJÈSJP4FHVOEPEBEPTEP$/+QBSBPBOP
EFDPNCBTFOPBOPEF

IBWJBNJMIÜFTEFQSPDFTTPTOP1PEFS
+VEJDJÈSJPFNUSBNJUBÎÍPTFOEP RVF EFMFTJTUPÏ NJMIÜFT EFDBTPT
KÈFTUBWBNQFOEFOUFTEFTEFPJOÓDJPEFDPNPJOHSFTTPEFEFOPWPT
DBTPToNJMIÜFTEFQSPDFTTPT&NDPNCBTFOPBOPEF

IBWJB
NJMIÜFTEFDBTPTUSBNJUBOEPOB+VTUJÎB&TUBEVBMTFOEPNJMIÜFTEFDBTPT
OPWPTFNJMIÜFTEFDBTPTQFOEFOUFTOB+VTUJÎB'FEFSBMGPSBNNJMIÜFT
EFQSPDFTTPFNUSBNJUBÎÍPTFOEPNJMIÜFTEFOPWPTDBTPTFNJMIÜFTEF
DBTPTQFOEFOUFT
/PTUSJCVOBJTTVQFSJPSFTEFBDPSEPDPNEBEPTPmDJBJTEJWVMHBEPTOPFOEFSFÎP
FMFUSÙOJDPEP4VQSFNP5SJCVOBM'FEFSBMIPVWFVNBVNFOUPHSBOEFFDPOTUBOUF
EPOÞNFSPEFDBTPTBQSFTFOUBEPTBPMPOHPEFTVBIJTUØSJB0DSFTDJNFOUPGPJEF
DFSDBEFDJORVFOUBBDFNQPSDFOUPBDBEBEÏDBEBOPQFSÓPEPEF/P
QFSÓPEPFOUSFPTBOPTEFFIPVWFVNBVNFOUPEFRVBUSPQPSDFOUPEF
OPWPTDBTPTBDBEBBOPPRVFQFSNJUJVOFTTFJOUFSWBMPVNBVNFOUPEF
QBSBEFDBTPTSFHJTUSBEPTQPSBOP/PUFTFRVFPQFSÓPEPDPJODJEFDPN
B EFNPDSBUJ[BÎÍP F BQØT B FOUSBEB FN WJHPS EB $POTUJUVJÎÍP EF  BOPT
EFTUBDBOEPRVFPTDBTPTFNQSJNFJSBJOTUÉODJBOBEÏDBEBEFDIFHBSBNBP
4VQSFNP5SJCVOBMEFDFSDBEFEF[BOPTNBJTUBSEF0BVNFOUPBJOEBRVFFN
QSPQPSÎÜFTNVJUPNFOPSFTDPOUJOVPVOPTBOPTTFHVJOUFTBUÏRVBOEPB
4VQSFNB$PSUFSFDFCFVDBTPT
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WBNFOUF TVCTUBODJBM OP OÞNFSP EF DBTPT SFHJTUSBEPT OP 4VQSFNP 5SJCVOBM
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0TEBEPTQPEFNTFSFODPOUSBEPTFN#3"4*-$/+Lançamento do Relatório Justiça
em Números 2013. #SBTÓMJB%'$/+%JTQPOÓWFMFNIUUQXXXDOKKVTCSFWFOUP
FWFOUPTOPWPTMBODBNFOUPEPSFMBUPSJPKVTUJDBFNOVNFSPTBQSFTFOUBDPFT
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  :          
Revista del Instituto Colombiano de Derecho Procesal t/P
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'FEFSBMDPJODJEJOEPDPNBFOUSBEBFNWJHPSEBFYJHÐODJBEFSFQFSDVTTÍPHFSBMF
EPQSPDFEJNFOUPEFSFDVSTPSFQFUJUJWPQSFWJTUPOPTBSUJHPT"F#EP$ØEJHP
&NFYJTUJBNFNTFHVJEPEFFN
FNBVUVBEPTFNFQSPDFTTPTBVUVBEPTFNTFOEP
RVFBQFOBTFGPSBNEJTUSJCVÓEPTFNFFNSFTQFDUJ-
WBNFOUF0BDFSWPEP4VQSFNP5SJCVOBM'FEFSBMFNDPOUBWBDPN
QSPDFTTPTFBUÏKÈGPSBNSFDFCJEPTQSPDFTTPT
/P4VQFSJPS5SJCVOBMEF+VTUJÎBEBEPTEJWVMHBEPTFNTFVFOEFSFÎPFMFUSÙOJDP
JOEJDBNRVFIPVWFUBNCÏNVNDSFTDJNFOUPFOUSFBTVBDSJBÎÍPFNF
$PNPFYFNQMPFNIBWJBBQFOBTDBTPTFNDBTPT
FNQBTTBOEPQBSBVNOÓWFMEFFNFmOBMNFOUFQBSB
FN"TBMUFSBÎÜFTOPTBOPTTFHVJOUFTOÍPNPTUSBNVNBEJNJOVJÎÍPMJOFBS
DPNPPDPSSFVOP4VQSFNP5SJCVOBM'FEFSBM/P4VQFSJPS5SJCVOBMEF+VTUJÎB
IPVWFVNBEJNJOVJÎÍPFNQBSBDBTPTNBTFNDSFTDFVQBSB
QSPDFTTPTOPWBNFOUFDBJOEP OPWBNFOUFFN QBSB &N
OPFOUBOUPPOÞNFSPWPMUPVBBVNFOUBSBUJOHJOEPVNWBMPSSFDPSEFEF
QSPDFTTPTEJTUSJCVÓEPTFFNFTTFOÞNFSPGPJEFQSPDFTTPT
UFOEPTJEPBMDBOÎBEPFNPRVBOUJUBUJWPEFQSPDFTTPTEJTUSJCVÓEPT
"UVBMNFOUFIÈRVFTUÜFTBGFUBEBTBPSFDVSTPSFQFUJUJWPOP45+UFOEPDPNP
CBTFBEBUBEFTFOEPRVFUJWFSBNTFVNÏSJUPKVMHBEP
0BQFSGFJÎPBNFOUP EBUÏDOJDBKVEJDJBM QPSÏNOÍPÏ TVmDJFOUFTFOÍPGPS
JODFOUJWBEB B USBOTJÎÍP EF VNB DVMUVSB EFNBOEJTUB QBSB VNB DVMUVSB QBDJm-
DBEPSB
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/FTTBQFSTQFDUJWBBMÏNEBDPODJMJBÎÍPP/PWP$ØEJHPEF1SPDFTTP
$JWJMJODFOUJWBBNFEJBÎÍPDPNPUÏDOJDBQBSBBTPMVÎÍPDPOTFOTVBMEFDPOnJUPT
DPNBSFBMJ[BÎÍPEFTFTTÜFTFBVEJÐODJBTEFDPODJMJBÎÍPFNFEJBÎÍPEJTQPOEP
RVF FTTBT UÏDOJDBT EFWFN TFS JODFOUJWBEBT QPS UPEPT PT NFNCSPT EP 1PEFS
+VEJDJÈSJP
1BSBMFMBNFOUFBFTTBTNFEJEBTUSBNJUPVOP1PEFS-FHJTMBUJWPFKÈGPJSFNFUJEP
QBSBTBOÎÍPP 1-RVFEJTQÜFTPCSFBNFEJBÎÍPFOUSFQBSUJDVMBSFT
DPNP P NFJP BMUFSOBUJWP EF TPMVÎÍP EF DPOUSPWÏSTJBT F TPCSF B DPNQPTJÎÍP
EFDPOnJUPTOPÉNCJUPEB"ENJOJTUSBÎÍP1ÞCMJDBFB-FJORVF
SFGPSNBBMHVOTEJTQPTJUJWPTEBMFJEBBSCJUSBHFN-FJOBNQMJBOEP
PÉNCJUPEFBQMJDBÎÍPEBBSCJUSBHFNFEJTQPOEPTPCSFBFTDPMIBEPTÈSCJUSPT
RVBOEPBT QBSUFTSFDPSSFNBØSHÍPBSCJUSBM BJOUFSSVQÎÍPEB QSFTDSJÎÍP QFMB
JOTUJUVJÎÍPEBBSCJUSBHFNBDPODFTTÍPEFUVUFMBTDBVUFMBSFTFEFVSHÐODJBOPT
DBTPTEFBSCJUSBHFNBDBSUBBSCJUSBMBTFOUFOÎBBSCJUSBMFPJODFOUJWPBPFTUVEP
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$"-.0/1FUSÙOJPFundamentos da mediação e da conciliaçãoFE#SBTÓMJB(B[FUB
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  -  tQQt&OFSP+VOJPEFt#PHPUÈ%$$PMPNCJB
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EPJOTUJUVUPEBBSCJUSBHFN0PCKFUJWPEFBNCPTPTQSPKFUPTÏPGPSUBMFDJNFOUP
EPTNFDBOJTNPTEFTPMVÎÍPEFDPOnJUPT
&NSFMBÎÍPBPEJSFJUPFTUSBOHFJSPEFGPSNBHFSBMBmSNBWBTFRVFPQSPDFTTP
DJWJMQPEFSJBTFSEJWJEJEPFNEPJTHSVQPTPEPTQBÓTFTEBcivil lawFPEPTQBÓTFT
EBcommon lawDPNBBEPÎÍPEPTJTUFNBBEWFSTBSJBMPVJORVJTJUPSJBM0TQBÓTFT
EF common Law HFSBMNFOUF BEPUBWBNP DFOÈSJPBEWFSTBSJBM DPNVNB nFYJ-
CJMJ[BÎÍPEPQSPDFEJNFOUPQFMBTQBSUFTFTFVTBEWPHBEPTFPTJTUFNBEBcivil
lawQPSPVUSPMBEPPTQSPDFTTPTTFHVFNBSFHSBFTUBUBMDPOEV[JEPTQFMPKVJ[
DPNBQPTTÓWFMSFTQPOTBCJMJ[BÎÍPEPTTVKFJUPTEPQSPDFTTPFEPTBVYJMJBSFTEP
KVÓ[PQPSTVBBUVBÎÍP
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USJCVOBJTFQSFWBMFDFBUFOEÐODJBËFTQFDJBMJ[BÎÍPBMÏNEFIBWFSVNBFTUSVUVSB
TFQBSBEBQBSBEFNBOEBT EFQFRVFOPWBMPSFORVBOUPOPTJTUFNBEF common
law, FNCPSBIBKBBMHVNBFTQFDJBMJ[BÎÍPoDPNPQPSFYFNQMPFNNBUÏSJBEF
EJSFJUPEFGBNÓMJBQSFWBMFDFBIJFSBSRVJBFNSFMBÎÍPBVNÞOJDPUSJCVOBM
²DFSUPDPNBBQSPYJNBÎÍPEPTTJTUFNBTEFDPNNPOMBXFEFDJWJMMBXFTTBT
EJGFSFOÎBTUFOEFNBEJNJOVÓSFNNBTPTBQFSGFJÎPBNFOUPTEBUÏDOJDBMFHJTMBUJWB
RVFPDPSSFSBNOPT EPJTTJTUFNBTOÍPGPSBNTVmDJFOUFTQBSBDPOUFS PHSBOEF
RVBOUJUBUJWPEFEFNBOEBTDBQB[EFBTTPCFSCBSP1PEFS+VEJDJÈSJPEFDBEBQBÓT
1PSFYFNQMPUFOEPDPNPCBTFPQFSÓPEPFOUSFPTBOPTEFFEFKBOFJSPEF
OB*UÈMJBOÍPIPVWFBMUFSBÎÍPOPTSFDVSTPTIVNBOPTEJTQPOÓWFJTOP1PEFS
+VEJDJÈSJPPQBÓTNBOUFWFTFVOÞNFSPEFWBSBTFTQFDJBMJ[BEBTFOÍPFTQFDJB-
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